1.1. Are lucid dreams real?
1.3. Isn‘t it scientifically proven that you cannot influence your dreams while dreaming?
No. According to my experience most people who are using words like ‚scientifically proven‘ or something like that have neither an idea about scientific work nor the topical state of research. (That does not mean that I have)
Of course it is a good question how a psychological amateur as I am can consider any fact as scientifically proven. I would say: It’s reasonable to consider an information as reliable if it is quoted in a specialist book or in a scientific journal. If I remember correctly there is a chapter or small passage about lucid dreaming in Philip G. Zimbardo’s book Psychology: Core Concepts. (but I’m not absolutely sure)
The publication in a big journal, e.g. ‘Journal of Consulting Psychology’ is a good hint for scientific background as well. Most journals publish peer-reviewed, which means that if an author wants to publish an article, it will be read by specialist of the same field of research. Insufficient publications will be sorted out this way.
If you want to find very good peer reviewed papers, you may search Pubmed. If you enter ‘lucid dreaming' you will find 51 articles, for example 'lucid dreaming as a treatment for recurrent nightmares', which leads to the next FAQ:
1.4. If lucid dreams are proved, why don’t psychologist use them for fighting nightmares?
They do. But to be honest, I don’t really know how much consultants use lucid dreams and lucid dreaming for overcoming nightmares. But it works, as you may see here:
- Lucid dreaming treatment for nightmares: a pilot study.Lucid dreaming treatment for nightmares: a pilot study,Spoormaker VI, van den Bout J. ,Psychother Psychosom. 2006;75(6):389-94.
- Multimodal behavioral treatment of nonrepetitive, treatment-resistant nightmares: a case report.Tanner BA.,Percept Mot Skills. 2004 Dec;99(3 Pt 2):1139-46.
- Lucid dreaming as a treatment for recurrent nightmaresZadra AL, Pihl RO.,Psychother Psychosom. 1997;66(1):50-5.
- The nightmare of returning home: a case of acute onset nightmare disorder treated by lucid dreaming. Abramovitch H.,Isr J Psychiatry Relat Sci. 1995;32(2):140-5.
- Nightmares in crisis: clinical
applications of lucid dreaming techniques.
Brylowski A.,Psychiatr J Univ Ott. 1990 Jun;15(2):79-84.